Cloud computing is purchasing of computing resources by an individual or company from another company that has established a big infrastructure in this regard. All the infrastructure and resources are hosted, established and managed by such third party company and the user only pays for what it uses. This has good cost benefits as the end user is not required to establish and manage large scale computing resources. All it is required to do is to purchase a portion of such computing resource as and when required.
Such cloud computing can be private, public or hybrid. In a private cloud computing arrangement, a dedicated space is allocated to the concerned individual or company, whether internally or through third party and whether hosted internally or externally. In a public cloud computing arrangement, the cloud infrastructure is available to public at large and is available over the Internet. In a hybrid model, the cloud infrastructure may be providing both private and public cloud computing services.
Generally cloud computing services can be divided into three broad service categories: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS) and software as a service (SaaS). Whatever the mode of service, cloud computing gives rise to many techno legal regulatory compliance requirements around the world.
Most of the Internet of things (IoT) entrepreneurs and business in India are not aware of the cloud computing legal issues of India
. This is really surprising as the cloud computing legal and regulatory requirements in India for businesses and entrepreneurs
must be analysed in advance before launching a project. Cloud computing service providers in India are Internet intermediary
within the meaning of Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act 2000) and they are also required to comply with cyber law due diligence requirements
(pdf). Besides, regulatory compliance pertaining to privacy
, data protection
(pdf), taxation, data security, cyber security
, etc are also required to be complied with.
In short, cloud computing due diligence is essential part of business doing for IoT and cloud computing businesses in India. There is also an urgent need to formulate suitable techno legal laws for cloud computing as legal uncertainty is not good for cloud computing business in India. As this is not happening, individuals and companies have little faith
in cloud computing services in India even in 2017.